2020 Peacebuilding Architecture Review: Advancing Local Priorities in Global Action
What is the 2020 Peacebuilding Architecture Review?
The 2020 Peacebuilding Architecture Review (hereafter, the Review) was mandated by the 2016 resolutions (A/RES/70/262 and S/RES/2282) and stipulated to happen in the 74th session of the General Assembly (UNGA).
The focus of the Review will be on the assessment of the implementation of existing work across 4 key pillars outlined in the 2018 Report of the Secretary-General on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace (S/2018/43): 1) Operational Support; 2) UN Leadership; 3) Partnerships for Peacebuilding; 4) Financing for Peacebuilding. There are no expectations of the proposition of new reforms and restructuring the system but rather the Review will look at where success has been made across the four pillars and where the implementation is still lacking.
There are two processes to the Review: formal and informal. The informal processes (Tracks 1-3 and the Secretary-General’s report - look at these infographics on the review and the SG report) was kicked off in December 2019 and concluded in July 2020. This stage serves to inform the Member State-led formal process that will be kicked off in September, 2020.
GPPAC’s engagement in the informal process:
Some of the key priorities of the GPPAC network in connection to the Review in the following:
Informal Thematic Submissions:
- Policy Coherence through Meaningful Inclusion
- In the Spirit of Partnership: Operationalisation of Sustaining Peace at the Regional Level
- Building Sustainable Peace: Recommendations for the 2020 Peacebuilding Architecture Review, QUNO and GPPAC
- Sustaining Peace in Practice: Lessons Learned from Liberia and Papua New Guinea, GPPAC and IPI
Operationalising Sustaining Peace: Learning from the Sustaining Peace Roundtable Series, IPI, Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, GNWP & GPPAC
- 18 February, 2020, ‘In Search of Sustaining Peace: A Case-Study of Peacebuilding in South Caucasus’, the South Caucasus.
- 2 June, 2020, ‘No Sustainable Peace Without Us: Local Perspectives on Peacebuilding in Middle East and North Africa’, Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
- 8 July, 2020, ‘Lessons Learned and Strategic Operationalisation of Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace in the Americas’, The Americas.
- 14 July, 2020, ‘Understanding the Inclusive Peace-Development- Humanitarian Nexus: Gender, Climate and Sustaining Peace in the Pacific’, The Pacific.
The key takeaways from the Review:
- The Letter from the Peacebuilding Commission Chair;
- The letter highlights the absence of adequate and reliable funding, the persistent lack of strong partnerships between national actors and international, regional and sub-regional organizations, bilateral donors, and International Financial Institutions, as well as the continued gender-based discrimination and structural barriers to equal opportunities for participation in decision making and peacebuilding women in certain contexts continue to face. In line with these issues, the letter puts forward a number of recommendations, emphasizing the need for strengthening the implementation of sustaining peace agenda with local impact, adequate, predictable and sustained financing of peacebuilding efforts and the inclusion of women in every stage of political and socio-economic processes and peacebuilding initiatives.
- The Letter from the Independent Eminent Persons.
- The letter from the Independent Eminent Persons expresses concern over the persistent fragmentation among Member States and across the UN and the increasing “securitization of development”, as well as the lack of predictable and adequate funding, an issue that is likely to be exacerbated by the consequences of the spread of COVID-19. The letter encourages the PBC to strengthen its advisory role, improve leadership, operationalise stronger partnerships with international financial institutions, empower local actors, and strengthen both the WPS and YPS agendas.
GPPAC’s engagement in the formal process:
The formal phase would constitute the intergovernmental process to negotiate the procedural resolution, with New Zealand and St. Vincent and Grenadines as co-facilitators of the process.
Stay tuned for more information about the process.